Chart Settings


Chart Settings Window

To display the Chart Settings window, select Chart >> Chart Settings on the menu.

Press OK to saves changes or Cancel to cancel changes.

Default Settings

When you open a new chart, change the symbol of the chart, or press the Apply Global Symbol Settings button on the Chart Settings window, then the following settings will automatically be set from the defined Global Symbol Settings in Global Settings >> Symbol Settings, if they exist for the symbol or there is a matching symbol pattern:

  • Tick Size
  • Price Display Format
  • Currency Value Per Tick
  • Real-Time Price Multiplier
  • Historical Price Multiplier
  • Intraday Session Times
  • Trade and Current Quote Symbol

For more information, refer to Global Symbol Settings.

You have the ability to set the Days to Load, Intraday Bar Period, and the Graph Draw Type to default settings when you open a new chart. For more information refer to the Save Days to Load, Intraday Bar Period, Graph Draw Type as Default setting.

Main Settings

This is the Main Settings tab of the Chart Settings window.

Date Range in File

Thus Date Range in File displays the first and last dates in the chart data file for the symbol of the chart. Intraday and Historical Daily charts use different data files, so when you change between an Intraday and Historical Daily data chart, this date range will change.

The Sierra Chart Time Zone setting may adjust these displayed dates by one day. All data in the chart data file is time stamped to GMT time and the Sierra Chart Time Zone setting adjusts the timestamps to the selected time zone.

The Date Range in File >> From setting for Intraday charts can be changed. When you set it to an earlier date and press OK, you will be prompted to download additional historical Intraday data. There is no guarantee that earlier data will be available though. In the case of a futures contract, to get additional historical data during the time that other futures contracts for the same underlying market were active, requires that you use the Continuous Futures Contract feature instead of altering the From date.

The Date Range in File >> To setting is not adjustable.

For another method to get more historical Intraday data for Intraday charts, refer to Downloading/Viewing More Historical Intraday Data.

To try to get more historical data for Historical Daily charts, refer to help topic 6.6. In the case of a Historical Daily chart, all data available from the server was downloaded when the chart data file was originally created, so generally you cannot download data earlier than the date shown here.

In the case of a Continuous Futures Contract chart, the Date Range in File is for the current symbol of the chart and not the historical futures contracts symbols loaded in the chart.

The Date Range displayed does not necessarily correspond to the Global Settings >> Data/Trade Service Settings >> Maximum Historical Intraday Days to Download setting. That setting is the maximum number of historical Intraday days to download when a download is done for an empty Intraday chart data file.

Use Number of Days to Load >> Days to Load (Chart >> Chart Settings >> Main Settings)

To use the Days to Load setting, enable Use Number of Days to Load.

This setting controls the maximum number of days to load into the chart and display. The number of days you enter also needs to include weekends and holidays. For example, if you enter 2, then on Monday you will see Sunday and Monday's data. Use 0 to load all data from the displayed Date Range in File >> From to the Date Range in File >> To dates. For faster data loading and calculations, use a small number.

Usually you will need to use the scroll bar at the bottom of the chart to scroll back and actually see all of the data that is loaded into the chart.

In the case of futures charts, to get more historical data which spans multiple futures contracts which is necessary for a properly displayed chart, requires that you use the Continuous Futures Contract feature and not only increase the Days to Load setting. Both have to be done.

Data in a chart is never automatically reduced as bars are added to the chart in real-time or during a chart replay, to maintain the number of days in the chart which matches the Days to Load setting. Therefore, the Days to Load setting can and will get exceeded over time. If you want to have no more days in the chart than the Days to Load setting, then at any point in time you can select Chart >> Reload and Recalculate on the menu. Or you can select Edit >> Reload All Charts. There is no way to overcome this. This is normal operating behavior and is how charts are designed and is not changeable.

In the case of Intraday charts, when historical data is being downloaded into the chart, then additional data will be loaded into the chart beyond what was initially loaded from the local data file on your system. Therefore, the Days to Load setting will get exceeded. When the historical Intraday data download is complete for the symbol, if you want to have no more days in the chart than the Days to Load setting, then select Chart >> Reload and Recalculate on the menu to load only the Days to Load .

This setting does not control how many days of data are downloaded from the remote data service. In the case of Historical Daily data, all historical Daily data available is downloaded from the data service. In the case of Intraday data, this is controlled through the Global Settings >> Data/Trade Service Settings >> Maximum Historical Intraday Days to Download settings.

Use Number of Days to Load >> Adjust Proportional With Bar Period

To use this option, enable Use Number of Days to Load.

When this option is enabled, then the Days to Load setting is automatically adjusted to be proportional with the Intraday Bar Period. For example, if you currently have 30 days to load, you have 1 minute bars, this option is enabled and you change to 5 minute bars, then the Days to Load will be adjusted to 150 days. Adjustments to Days to Load will also be made when working with Tick, Volume, and Range bars. The Days to Load setting, will not be visibly adjusted if you press the Apply button. It is only when you reopen the Chart Settings window will you see the new Days to Load displayed.

Use Date Range >> From / To

To use these settings, enable Use Date Range.

The From and To settings specify the First and Last dates of data to load into the chart from the data file. Date format: YYYY/MM/DD.

If the From field is left blank, than this implies that the first date available in the data file will be loaded into the chart. If the To field is left blank, than this implies that the last date available in the data file will be loaded into the chart.

These settings are useful to look at days in an Intraday chart data file that go back a significant amount of time, without having to load all the data up to the current Date.

Price Display Format

Sets the format to use for the display of price values for the main price graph in the chart.

There are many decimal formats and fractional formats available.

When there is a study which replaces the main price graph, then this setting has no effect.

This setting has no effect on the internal precision of the data which is used in study calculations.

Tick Size (Chart >> Chart Settings)

The Tick Size setting for a chart is the minimum value that a symbol moves by. For example, the Mini S&P 500 futures contract has a tick size of .25.

Although depending upon how the data feed quotes prices, this could be different depending upon the symbol.

US stocks typically have a tick size of .01. Set this setting to the tick size for the symbol of the chart. This setting is used for the trading functions, by some studies, scaling, and various charting related features. This is a critical setting that needs to be correct.

The Tick Size setting will be automatically set if there are Global Symbol Settings in Global Settings >> Symbol Settings defined for the exact symbol or a symbol pattern matching the symbol.

If there are no Global Symbol Settings defined for the symbol, then the Tick Size will be automatically set from the connected Data or Trading service, if supported, when Sierra Chart is connected to the data feed (File >> Connect to Data Feed). Not all Data and Trading services support providing Tick Size data for a symbol.

It is not recommended to change the Tick Size unless you know what you are doing. However, you can change this to meet special requirements that you have. Using a different Tick Size does affect Studies and Drawing Tools dependent the Tick Size.

If you change the Tick Size, you also need to change the Price Display Format and Currency Value per Tick settings to correspond to the new tick size.

To always use a certain Tick Size for a particular symbol which is different from the default Tick Size or if there is no default, then set that through Global Settings >> Symbol Settings for the symbol or symbol pattern. Refer to Global Symbol Settings.

Volume at Price Multiplier

The Volume at Price Multiplier is used for Volume at Price (VAP) data. This data is used by the Volume by Price study, TPO Profile Chart study, Numbers Bars study, Volume Value Area Lines study, TPO Value Area Lines study, and other studies which require this type of data.

When using these studies, normally Sierra Chart will maintain Volume data for each price level for each bar in the chart. Each price level is based upon the Tick Size setting. When this multiplier is set to 1, there will be separate volume data for each tick within a bar. This potentially can consume a lot of memory. If you increase the VAP Multiplier, then prices are grouped together, to save memory. The resolution will be lower.

For example, if VAP Multiplier is set to 2, the Tick Size is 1, then the prices 101 and 102 are grouped together, into the 102 price level. There will be no separate 101 price level. A VAP Multiplier setting of 10 would mean that the Tick Size is multiplied by 10 and prices are group together into this multiple. This feature is used to save memory when using Historical daily charts where high precision is not necessary. If you use a setting of 2, then you would want to set Ticks per Volume Bar in the Volume by Price study to 2 as well.

Symbol (text box)

This text box contains the symbol of the chart. You can press the Find button beside it to select a different symbol.

Trade and Current Quote Symbol (text box) (Chart >> Chart Settings)

This is an optional symbol setting which has two purposes described in the paragraphs below.

1. Symbols for Historical Daily data charts may be different compared with the symbols used by the primary real-time data service Sierra Chart is connected to. This will be the case if there is a different data source being used for Historical Daily data. Since Historical Daily data charts are updated with the primary real-time data feed, you need to enter the symbol from the real-time data service Sierra Chart is connected to for real-time data, that corresponds to the symbol of the chart. Example: If the Historical chart symbol is E6Z11, then enter the symbol 6EZ1 (corresponding real-time data feed symbol for many services) in the Trade and Current Quote Symbol box. If the symbols are the same, then leave this box blank.

1.1. You cannot use the Trade and Current Quote Symbol with an Intraday chart that has a main Symbol which is not recognized by the real-time data feed and have the bars updated real-time using the Alternate symbol. Also, you cannot use the Trade and Current Quote Symbol with an Intraday chart that has been opened from a remote instance/copy of Sierra Chart and have the bars updated in real-time using this Alternate symbol from the real-time connected data feed.

2. If the symbol used for Trading is different than the symbol of the chart data file, then enter this Trading symbol in this box. This allows you to trade from the chart using the symbol specified in this box, and to receive market depth data, Bid and Ask data, and the data for the Window >>Current Quote Window using the connected Trading service in the copy of Sierra Chart where you are entering this symbol. This setting does not affect the data used for chart bars themselves . The chart bars are always from the data in the chart data file specified by the main Symbol setting of the chart.

In the case where the chart uses data from a remote copy/instance of Sierra Chart and you have entered a Trade and Current Quote Symbol, the source for the market depth data, Bid and Ask data, and Daily Quote data, can either be from the local instance, or the remote instance. For details about how this works, refer to Use Non-Chart Data from Remote Instances.

When setting an Trade and Current Quote Symbol, the last trade price box on the right side price scale, uses the data from the Trade and Current Quote Symbol and not from the last trade price marked on the last price bar.

When using this symbol for trading, the Tick Size that is used is the Tick Size set on the main symbol in the Chart Settings window. The Advanced Settings 2 >> Real-time Price Multiplier setting is also applied to the pricing for the Trade and Current Quote Symbol and this multiplier effect is removed when the prices are submitted to the connected Trading service or to the Trade Simulation system.

Therefore, if this multiplier should not be applied to the symbol data, then there is no way to prevent it and the symbol cannot be used as a Trade Symbol. You can see the effect of this multiplier through the Window >> Current Quote Window for the Trade and Current Quote Symbol data.

Chart >> Chart Settings >> Automatically Rollover Futures Symbol

When the Automatically Rollover Futures Symbol option is enabled, then this means that when the symbol of the chart is set to a futures symbol, and a date-based rollover rule is defined for the symbol pattern, an automatic rollover to the current futures symbol will be performed according to the date-based rollover rules in Global Settings >> Symbol Settings for the matching symbol pattern.

The rollover rules use the exchange rules to determine a particular date for rollover. Daily trading volume is not used to determine the rollover because it is not entirely reliable, will often be late in determining a rollover and creates an unnecessary symbol tracking overhead.

A rollover rule for the symbol may not be defined, in which case an automatic rollover will not occur.

For further details about defining rollover rules for a symbol or to change the rollover rules, refer to Global Symbol Settings.

Graph Draw Type

Sets the graph draw type to use for the main chart graph. Refer to the Graph Draw Types documentation page.

Chart Data Type

This control specifies the chart data type. The following are available: Historical Chart , Intraday Chart, and Intraday Chart Only.

Historical Chart data is for Daily, Weekly, Monthly, Quarterly, Yearly bars or bars of the specified number of Days.

Intraday Chart data is for any bar time frame less than 1 day. It is possible to create higher time frames per bar even with Intraday Chart data, but it is less efficient.

When this is set to Intraday Chart Only, the chart data type will always be Intraday chart data. What this means is when you use the Chart >> Daily, Weekly, Monthly, Quarterly, Yearly commands, then rather than the chart switching to use the Historical Daily data file, it will continue to use Intraday chart data.

Time Period Per Bar/ Amount of Data Per Bar

To access these controls select Chart >> Chart Settings. Select the Main Settings tab. These controls set the time period or the amount of data for each bar/column in the price graph.

A chart column is single column of data in the chart. A column consists of the main price graph bar and any study graph elements in that same column.

For instructions to quickly change the bar period, refer to the Changing the Period of the Chart Bars documentation page.

Intraday Chart Bar Period >> Bar Period Type >> Days-Mins-Secs Per Bar (Time Specific Bars)

This setting is accessed through Chart >> Chart Settings.

This Bar Period Type setting is for Intraday charts only.

This sets the number of Days, Minutes, and Seconds per bar/column in the chart. A bar occupies one column in the chart. There are 3 ways bar periods can be entered:

Days-Minutes-Seconds 1-0-0 (1 Day per chart column)
Minutes-Seconds 5-30 (5 Minutes and 30 Seconds per chart column)
Minutes 5 (5 Minutes per chart column)

Seconds Bars: If you specify a setting of less than 1 Minute, then the time period of a bar may exceed your setting if it is not a multiple of the timeframe of the underlying data records in the data file or the timeframe of the data records in the data file exceed your setting. For example, if your Data or Trading service provides historical data in 1 Minute timeframe units, then the bars in the chart built from this historical data will not have a period less than 1 Minute. To ensure your data records are in the smallest possible unit, select Global Settings >> Data/Trade Service Settings on the menu. Set the Intraday Data Storage Time Unit to 1 Second or less.

1 Day Bars: To create a Daily chart from Intraday data, use a setting of 1-0-0. When you create a 1 Day per bar (1-0-0) chart using an Intraday chart, the Date-Time of the bar will be the starting Date-Time of that bar. This Date could be one day earlier than the corresponding bar in a Historical Daily chart. The Date may be one day earlier only if the Session Start Time of the Intraday chart is later than the Session End Time and starts in the previous day. With a 1 Day per bar chart created from Historical Daily data, the Date of each bar will have the primary trading session Date.

Weekly Bars: To create a Weekly chart from Intraday data, use a setting of 7-0-0. This is unlike Historical charts, which would use a setting of Weekly or 5 Days . To have Weekly bars start on a Sunday it is necessary to set Chart >> Chart Settings >> Use Date Range >> From to a Sunday Date in the past. You may also need to adjust the Session Times.

Intraday Chart Bar Period >> Bar Period Type >> Volume Per Bar

This setting is only for Intraday charts. To create a Volume chart, select this option and enter the Volume per bar that you want each bar to be based on, in the box below. Do not use commas or any delimiters in the number.

With a setting of 100000, each bar will be equal to or greater than 100000 shares/contracts of trading.

It is recommended that you uncheck Chart Settings >> Advanced Settings >> Split Data Records when using Volume bars.

For the chart bars which are based upon a Volume Per Bar it is necessary to have tick by tick data in the Intraday chart data file. Refer to Tick by Tick Data Configuration for instructions. This is an essential step to follow.

For additional information to ensure that you always get a Volume Per bar that matches the setting, refer to help topic 47.

Intraday Chart Bar Period >> Bar Period Type >> Number of Trades Per Bar

The Number of Trades Per Bar setting is for Intraday charts only. This sets the number of trades or ticks per bar. A tick is a trade. Each bar will be based on the specified number of trades instead of a time specific period. Select this option and enter the number of trades you want per bar in the box below this setting.

For the chart bars which are based upon a Number of Trades Per Bar it is necessary to have tick by tick data in the Intraday chart data file. Refer to Tick by Tick Data Configuration for instructions. This is an essential step to follow.

Depending upon the Data or Trading service you are using, to ensure you always get the number of trades per bar that matches your setting, you may need to refer to help topic 47.

Intraday Chart Bar Period >> Bar Period Type >> Range Per Bar - Standard (in ticks)

This setting is only for Intraday charts. To create a Range bar chart where the range of each bar in the chart is the price range that is specified, then select Range Per Bar-Standard from the Bar Period Type list. Enter the range you want each bar to be in Ticks, in the box below the Bar Period Type list. For example, if you want the range of each bar to be 1.0 and the Tick Size is .25, then enter 4 in the input box below for Range Per Bar-Standard.

In order for the Range Per Bar-Standard setting to work correctly, the Tick Size setting, also on the Chart Settings window, needs to be set correctly.

It is necessary that the Price Display Format setting, also on the Chart Settings window, is set correctly for the Symbol when using Bar Period Type >> Range Per Bar.

For additional information to ensure you always get a range per bar that matches your setting, refer to help topic 47. This help topic also provides additional information about Range Bars.

One of the most important settings is to set Global Settings >> Data/Trade Service Settings >> Intraday Data Storage Time Unit to 1 Tick.

On the Region Data Line at the top of the first region in the chart, the range will be displayed as the actual range value, rather than the number of Ticks. Therefore, if the Tick Size is .25 and you have a range of 8 Ticks, you will see 2.00 rng displayed.

  • When New Bar at Session Start is enabled and there is a new session encountered, the current Range bar will be cut and no more data will be added to it. Therefore, it may not be the full specified range in this case.
  • In the case where tick by tick data is not being used or not available, then if the range of the last bar is greater than the range setting when there is a new data record read from the Intraday data file, then the bar will be split and it will then equal the specified Range Per Bar setting. The direction in which the splitting occurs depends upon the direction of the last range bar. The open of the next bar will always be moved one tick outside of the prior bars range.
  • The rules for determining the direction of a Range bar are as follows:
    1. If the close is below the open, then the bar is down.
    2. If the close is above the open, then the bar is up.
    3. If the close is the same as the open, then we look at the difference between the current close and the prior close. If the current close is below the prior close, then the bar is down. If the current close is above the prior close, the bar is up. If the current close is the same as the prior close, repeat the algorithm using the next previous bar.
  • In the case where there is a price gap with trading and the range of the current range bar cannot be expanded to connect with the next data record causes a gap, then the current range bar is expanded and set to the Range Per Bar setting. The low of the current range bar is expanded down if the next data record is below the current range bar. The high of the current range bar is expanded up if the next data record is above the current range bar.
  • When a range bar is completed, the Close price of the bar is adjusted. This happens even though the price it is adjusted to is not the actual last trade price. The close price is moved to the high of the range bar if the close price is closer to the high compared to the low. The close price is moved to the low of the range bar if the close price is closer to the low compared to the high. If the close price is equal distance between a higher level of the range bar that is now complete, then the High and Low of the completed range bar is compared to the opening price of the next bar. If the high of the completed range bar is closer to the open of the next range bar rather than the low, then the close price is moved to the high. If the low of the completed range bar is closer to the open of the next range bar rather than the high, then the close is moved to the low.

    To avoid this automatic adjustment of the Last trade price for a bar use Range Per Bar - True instead.
  • Another adjustment which occurs, is that the Open price of a new range bar, will never be within the range of the prior range bar. If it is, it is moved one tick away from the prior bar.

    To avoid this automatic adjustment of the Open price of a Range bar, use Range Per Bar - True instead.

Intraday Chart Bar Period >> Bar Period Type >> Range Per Bar - New Bar on Range Met (in ticks)

Range Per Bar - New Bar on Range Met is another type of Range Bar. All of the Range Per Bar - Standard documentation applies to this Range Bar type. The exception is that with this particular type, a new bar is started when the range has met the Range Per Bar setting whether or not trading continues within the range.

Intraday Chart Bar Period >> Bar Period Type >> Range Per Bar - True (in ticks)

Range Per Bar - True is another type of Range Bar. All of the Range Per Bar - Standard documentation applies to this Range Bar type. The exception is that with this particular type, there is no adjustment / manipulations of the Open, High, Low or Last prices of a range bar. They are left at their accurate and true values.

Therefore, with these types of bars, you still have the basic Range bar functionality and in addition to that, a true representation of price action in the chart bars.

With Range Per Bar - True a bar could have a range less than the specified range if there is a price gap in trading. This is something you will not see with the other manipulated range bar types.

Intraday Chart Bar Period >> Bar Period Type >> Range Per Bar - Fill Gaps (in ticks)

Range Per Bar - Fill Gaps is another type of Range Bar. All of the Range Per Bar - Standard documentation applies to this Range Bar type. The exception is that with this particular type, price gaps between Range Bars are filled.

This is particularly useful when using the Range Bars on market statistics that have a very fast moving and wide range like the TICK-NYSE.

Intraday Chart Bar Period >> Bar Period Type >> Range Per Bar - Open=Close (in ticks)

Range Per Bar - Open=Close is another type of Range Bar. All of the Range Per Bar - Standard documentation applies to this Range Bar type. The exception is that with this particular type, the Open of a new Range Bar will always equal the previous Range Bar Close.

Intraday Chart Bar Period >> Bar Period Type >> Reversal Bar (in ticks)

The Reversal Bar setting is for creating a Reversal bar chart.

Reversal bars are very similar to the old Point and Figure type bars and are recommended rather than using the Point and Figure Chart study.

At the beginning of the chart, the underlying price movement is monitored to determine when the current price has moved away from the first bar High or Low by the specified number of price ticks or more. If a reversal from the High occurs at the first bar, then a new bar is started and a reversal will need to occur from the Low on the next bar. If a reversal from the Low occurs at the first bar, then a new bar is started and a reversal will need to occur from the High on the next bar.

For any given bar in the chart other than the first bar, a reversal needs to occur from the High or Low and this is opposite of where the reversal occurred on the prior bar. If a reversal occurred on the prior bar from the Low, then on the next bar it needs to occur from the High. If a reversal occurred on the prior bar from the High, then on the next bar it needs to occur from the Low. This pattern continues through the chart.

A new bar is only started when prices reverse from the High or the Low, depending upon which side is being monitored for, by the specified number of price ticks.

To specify the number of price ticks, enter this value in the box below Reversal Bar (in ticks).

The specified number of ticks is multiplied by the Tick Size of the chart and this is the actual value that the prices have to reverse by from the High or Low of the bar.

This type of chart is very similar to a Point and Figure chart. It is a suitable replacement instead of using the Point and Figure Chart study.

When using this Bar Period Type it is required to have tick by tick data in the Intraday chart data file for the highest accuracy. To do this, refer to the Tick by Tick Data Configuration page. This is an essential step to follow.

Intraday Chart Bar Period >> Bar Period Type >> Renko Bar (in ticks)

For complete details to use the Renko Bar Bar Period Type setting, refer to Renko Chart Bars.

Intraday Chart Bar Period >> Bar Period Type >> Delta Volume Per Bar

Delta Volume bars are bars that consist of all of the price action until the difference between the Ask Volume and Bid Volume for a chart bar equals or exceeds the Delta Volume per Bar setting.

This setting is only for Intraday charts. To create a Delta Volume Bar chart, select this option and enter the Delta per bar that you want each bar to be based on, in the box below. Do not use commas or any delimiters in the number. The term "Delta" refers to the difference between the Ask Volume and Bid Volume for the bar. With a setting of 10000, a new bar is formed when the difference for the bar exceeds +/-10000.

It is essential that the New Bar Session Start setting on the Chart Settings window is enabled when using Delta Volume Bars because this establishes a new starting point at the beginning of the trading session for the calculation of Ask Volume and Bid Volume rather than using the beginning of the loaded data which can cause inconsistencies.

Price Change Bar

Sierra Chart supports Price Change Bars. These chart bars only work with Intraday charts. Price Change Bars track the number of price changes. A price change occurs each time there is a trade at a different price versus the previous trade. A new bar is started when the number of price changes exceeds the set number of price changes per bar setting for the bar. When a new bar is started, it has a price change count of 1.

With Price Change Bars, each bar is based on the specified number of price changes instead of a time specific period.

To create a Price Change Bar chart, select Bar Period Type and enter the number of price changes you want per bar in the box below this setting. Do not use commas or any delimiters in the number.

For Price Change Bars to work accurately, it is necessary to have tick by tick data in the Intraday chart data file. Refer to Tick by Tick Data Configuration for instructions. This is an essential step to follow.

Monthly Bars (Intraday Charts)

It is supported to create Monthly bars from Intraday data.

The Intraday Chart Bar Period >> Bar Period Type >> Monthly Bars sets the chart bars to Monthly bars.

Since these are long-duration bars it is necessary to have enough data loaded into the Intraday chart. This can be done with the Days to Load setting.

Point and Figure Bar (Intraday Charts)

For a description of Point and Figure type bars, refer to the Point and Figure Chart study.

The Intraday Chart Bar Period >> Bar Period Type >> Point and Figure Bar (in Ticks) setting supports creating Point and Figure charts directly from the underlying data in the Intraday data file. This is more efficient and more accurate than the Point and Figure Chart study.

When the Bar Period Type is set to Point and Figure Bar, enter the Box Size and the number of boxes for reversal in the box below. Example: [Box Size in ticks]-[Reversal Size]. Reversal size is the number of boxes to reverse the direction. A common setting would be 1-3.

For XO style bars, use the Chart >> Chart Settings >> Graph Draw Type setting. Set it to Point and Figure XO.

The colors for XO bars are controlled with the Bar High-Low Down and Bar High-Low Up color settings in the Graphics Settings window.

The colors for standard OHLC type bars when using Bar Period Type >> Point and Figure Bar, are controlled with the color settings for OHLC bars in Graphics Settings.

Historical Chart Bar Period >> Days

This setting sets the number of days of Daily data included within each bar/column in a Historical chart.

Historical charts are opened with File >> New/Open Historical Chart or File >> Find Symbol >> Open Historical Chart on the menu.

Enter the number of Days in the box for this setting. If you use a setting of 5, then this is equivalent to a Weekly chart, assuming there are 5 trading days per week. You would not use 7 days for a weekly chart since this setting only includes days where there is actual data in the chart data file.

The preferred method to create a Weekly chart is to use the Weekly option because it creates bars that begin on Monday and end on Friday.

When a setting greater than 1 is used, the starting Date of a bar is the Date of the first chart data file Daily record added to that bar. For the very first bar the chart, the starting Date will be the very first Date of the chart data file Daily record loaded into the chart.

To change to Daily bars in a Historical chart, you can also select Chart >> Bar Periods >> Daily or use the corresponding Control Bar button. To customize the Control Bar and add this button, select Global Settings >> Customize Control Bars >> Control Bar [1-8].

Historical Chart Bar Period >> Weekly

Sets the Historical chart bar period to Weekly. If you want to create a weekly chart with an Intraday Chart, then set the Days - Minutes - Seconds control to 7-0-0.

To change to weekly bars in a Historical chart, you can also select Chart >> Weekly or use the corresponding Control Bar button. To customize the Control Bar and add this button, select Global Settings >> Customize Control Bars >> Control Bar [1-8].

Historical Chart Bar Period >> Monthly

Sets the Historical chart bar period to monthly.

To change to monthly bars in a Historical chart, you can also select Chart >> Monthly or use the corresponding Control Bar button. To customize the Control Bar and add this button, select Global Settings >> Customize Control Bars >> Control Bar [1-8].

Historical Chart Bar Period >> Quarterly

Sets the Historical chart bar period to quarterly.

To change to quarterly bars in a Historical chart, you can also select Chart >> Quarterly or use the corresponding Control Bar button. To customize the Control Bar and add this button, select Global Settings >> Customize Control Bars >> Control Bar [1-8].

Historical Chart Bar Period >> Yearly

Sets the Historical chart bar period to yearly.

To change to yearly bars in a Historical chart, you can also select Chart >> Yearly or use the corresponding Control Bar button. To customize the Control Bar and add this button, select Global Settings >> Customize Control Bars >> Control Bar [1-8].

Session Times (Chart >> Chart Settings)

Refer to the Session Times documentation for the Session Times settings for Intraday charts.

New Bar at Session Start (Chart >> Chart Settings)

When this option is enabled and the time period of a bar crosses into the start of the next trading day as defined by the Session Times, it will be cut and a new bar will be started.

This option applies to all types of bar periods whether based upon a fixed amount of time, or Number of Trades, Volume, Range, Reversal, Renko, Delta Volume, Price Change, Point and Figure bars.

If a bar is based upon a fixed amount of time, this option only applies if the bar period is less than 1 Day.

The start of the trading day is the Session Start Time or if the Evening Session times are used, it is the Evening Start Time.

Load Weekend Data Setting

Refer to the Load Weekend Data Setting documentation.

Chart >> Chart Settings >> Save Days to Load, Intraday Bar Period, Graph Draw Type as Default

When this option is enabled, then the Use Number of Days to Load >> Days to Load, Intraday Bar Period, Graph Draw Type that are currently set will be used as the default settings when you open a new chart. The Days to Load setting is saved individually for Historical Daily and Intraday charts. Therefore, if you enable this option when you have the chart data type set to Historical Chart, then the Days to Load setting you have saved as a default will apply only to Historical charts.

Scale

The Scale button displays the Scale window. For more information, refer to the Scale Window documentation.

Apply Global Symbol Settings

This command button will apply the Global Symbol Settings defined for the symbol to the Chart Settings for the chart. For additional information, refer to the Global Symbol Settings page.

Edit Global Symbol Settings

This command button will edit the Global Symbol Settings for the symbol of the chart. When you press this button, the Global Symbol Settings window will open and the symbol will be highlighted. You will then be able to modify the settings as required. For additional information, refer to the Global Symbol Settings page.

Advanced Settings

This is the Advanced Settings tab of the Chart Settings window.

Lock Fill Space

When this option is enabled, the fill space you may have set on the right side of the chart is locked. For more information, refer to Right Side Fill Space.

Disable Data File Updating (Disable Historical Data Download)

Disables the data file updating from the current instance of Sierra Chart.

Hide Values Scale

When this option is enabled, the Values Scale on the right side of the chart is hidden.

Hide Time Scale

When this option is enabled, the Time Scale along the bottom of the chart is hidden.

Draw Non-Highlight Chart Drawings Underneath Main Graph and Studies

When this option is enabled, all non-highlight chart drawings (Lines, Rays, Extended Lines, Retracements, Extensions...) will be drawn underneath the main price graph and all studies. Otherwise, they will be drawn on top of the main price graph and all studies.

Draw Highlight Drawings Underneath Main Graph and Studies

When this option is enabled, all highlight chart drawings (Rectangle Highlight, Extending Rectangle Highlight, and Ellipse Highlight) will be drawn underneath the main price graph and all studies. Otherwise, they will be drawn on top of the main price graph and all studies.

Allow Real-Time Updating of Historical Chart

This setting only applies to Historical charts and not Intraday charts. This option is enabled by default. When Allow Real-Time Updating of Historical Chart is enabled, then last bar in a Historical chart will be updated with the latest High, Low, Close values from the real-time data feed. You need to be connected to the real-time data feed for this to occur.

Split Data Records (applies to Tick, Volume and Range charts)

When this option is enabled, data records from the Intraday chart data file are split, if necessary, to create 100% constant Tick, Volume, Range, Reversal, or Renko charts. If you require the Tick, Volume, Range, Reversal, or Renko chart bars to be based precisely on your settings, then be sure the Split Data Records option is enabled.

If the data records in the chart data file are 1 tick each, this is when the Intraday Data Storage Time Unit setting is set to 1 Tick, then splitting does not occur unless you are using Volume charts. The reason for this in the case of Volume charts, is because a single 1 tick data record can have a volume more than 1, so splitting may be necessary to distribute the volume across more than one bar.

In the case of Tick and Volume charts, if a data record has a timeframe greater than 1 tick, then the Open, High, Low, Close of the data record is not split. Only the Volume and Number of Trades fields are split and distributed among the bars to match your setting. What this means is that if the high of the data record is 105 and the low is 100, and it is split 5 times, then you would see 5 bars in the chart with that range even if your setting is 1 tick. Therefore, with these types of charts, you always want to ensure your data records are of the shortest timeframe possible. This is discussed in more detail in help topic 47.

In the case of Range bar charts, the OHLC, Volume and Number of Trades of the data records are split to create bars that match your range bar setting.

Splitting of a data record does not occur on the last record in the Intraday data file because there is no way to know whether it is complete or not. What this means is that if the Intraday data file does not contain 1 Tick data or the chart bars are Volume bars, then the very last bar the chart can exceed the Tick, Volume, Range, Reversal, or Renko setting.

Display Day Of Week With Dates On Intraday Chart Time Scale

When this option is enabled, then the 3 letter day of week name will be displayed on the timescale for Intraday charts beside the date.

Highlight Timescale Dates, Months and Years

When this option is enabled, then on Intraday charts, Dates shown on the time scale will be highlighted. On historical charts, Months and Years on the time scale will be highlighted.

Adjust Tool Values to Tick Size

When this Chart Settings option is enabled, it will cause the values of Chart Drawings drawn when using Tools to be rounded to the nearest tick. This will cause the chart drawings as you are drawing them with a Drawing Tool to actually move from tick to tick. For example, if the Tick Size is .25, then a line will move from .25 to .25 increments. The same with the Chart Values tool and other tools. In order for this to work correctly, be certain that the Tick Size setting on the Chart Settings window is set correctly. Otherwise, this feature cannot work properly.

If Sierra Chart detects that there is a large jump in pixels between ticks, then this feature will not work. This is to prevent Tools from working improperly in case the Tick Size is not set correctly. For example, if the Tick Size should be .0001, but instead it is set at .01 (the default if there is no setting available in the Symbol Settings), then usually this increment on a chart with a much smaller Tick Size, will have a large number of pixels between each of these increments. In this case, this feature disables itself.

Display Main Price Graph Values in Values Windows

Settings...

Use Left Side Scale

When this option is enabled, a scale displaying the range of values for each Chart Region will be displayed on the left side of the chart. The remaining paragraphs explain how this left side Values Scale is determined.

The left side scale range and Value Format, for a Chart Region, comes from the first encountered study in the Chart Region that has an Independent, Constant Range or User Defined Scale Range type. If there is no study in the Chart Region that has one of these Scale Range types, then the scale is controlled by the scale settings of the first encountered study in the Chart Region. In the case of Chart Region 1, the scale is controlled by the main price graph unless there is a study in that region with an Independent, Constant Range or User Defined Scale Range type.

However, if the first study in a Chart Region has an Independent, Constant Range or User Defined Scale Range type, it controls the scale on the right side of the chart and the left side scale will be controlled by the next found study with an Automatic Scale Range type if there is one. In this case, if there is no other study in the Chart Region with an Automatic Scale Range type, the scale of the first study in the Chart Region will control the left side scale.

The order of studies listed in the Studies to Graph list in the Chart Studies window can be controlled with the Move Up and Move Down buttons on the Chart Studies window.

Display Region Dividing Lines

When this option is enabled, then a horizontal dividing line will be displayed at the boundary of chart regions.

Trade Drawings Left Align %

This setting controls the length of Order and Trade Position lines on the chart when Trade >> Chart Trade Mode On / Show Orders and Position is enabled.

100% means the Order and Trade Position lines go all the way to the far left side of the chart. 50% means that they go to the middle of the chart from the right side of the chart.

Align Trade Drawings Text to Right

When this option is enabled, the Working Order lines and Trade Position line on a chart when in Chart Trade Mode , will be aligned to the right side of the chart alongside the Values Scale. You will only see the text line for the Working Orders and the Trade Position. There will not be a horizontal line displayed. When this option is disabled, the Working Order lines and the Trade Position line will be aligned to the left side of the chart and a horizontal line will be displayed for each one.

Attach Trade Window to Right Side

When this option is enabled, then the Trade Window that can be attached to a chart by selecting Trade >> Attach Trade Window to Chart, will be aligned on the right side of the chart, instead of the left side.

Order Fills Start Date-Time

This displays and sets the first Date-Time of order fills to load in the chart when a chart is maintaining its own internal Trades list. Normally these controls should be left blank. The time will be at 00:00:00 normally.

The Date format is YYYY-MM-DD. The Time format is HH:MM:SS.

For information about when a chart maintains its own internal Trades list, refer to the Trade Statistics for Charts Tab section.

There are some reasons why you would want to change the starting Date-Time of order fills. One of the reasons is documented in the Using Order Fill Calculated Trade Position Data for Independent Position Tracking section.

Include Columns With No Data (Chart >> Chart Settings >> Advanced Settings)

When this option is enabled, this will cause columns/bars to be included in the chart for periods in the price graph where there is no data available. Like holidays for Historical Daily charts and periods of no trading for Intraday charts.

The Open, High, Low and Close for a bar included where there is no data available, are set to the previous bar Close value.

This option is ignored on Number of Trades, Volume, Range, Reversal, Renko, Delta Volume, Price Change, Point and Figure bars Bar Period Types.

If the time period per bar is set to a short period like 2 seconds or less and the Days to Load setting is high when using this option, then it can take a long time to allocate memory and load chart data.

The behavior of this option for Historical Daily and Intraday charts is different. If there is no trading at all for a particular day in an Intraday chart, this option will not include bars for that day.

In the case of Intraday charts, columns are only included for periods of time where there is no trading that are also within the defined Session Times.

Do Not Draw Columns With No Data

This option only applies to Intraday charts. Not to Historical Daily charts.

When Include Columns with No Data is enabled and Do Not Draw Columns With No Data is enabled, then there will be bars/columns included in the chart for periods in the price graph where there is no data available, except these columns will not have any bars drawn and the bar values for these columns will be 0.

Include Weekend Columns Before First Trade

This option only applies to Intraday charts.

This option only applies when Include Columns with No Data is enabled. When Include Weekend Columns Before First Trade is enabled, then on a weekend, there will not be columns included in the chart that are within the defined Session Times until there is an actual data record in the Intraday data file encountered on Saturday or Sunday. Subsequent to that first trade within a trading day, columns will be included for the trading day at columns where there is no data.

Include Sat-Sun Bars For Daily Charts

When Include Columns with No Data is enabled and Include Sat-Sun Bars For Daily Charts is enabled, then there will be bars included in Historical Daily charts for Saturday and for Sunday even if there is no trading on these days.

Chart >> Advanced Settings >> Historical Pullback Data

The Historical Pullback Data setting is used to control whether or not historical Volume at Price data is separately maintained for price pullbacks from bar Highs and Lows. This data is used by the Numbers Bars study.

This Pullback data consists of Volume, Ask Volume, Bid Volume and Number of Trades for all of the trades at each price level since the last price Pullback from the High or Low of a price bar. From this data, the difference between Ask Volume and Bid Volume, among other calculations, can be calculated.

The options and descriptions are below.

  • None: Historical Pullback data is not maintained.
  • Reset and Accumulate on New High/Low: This includes all of the volume data from the trades from the point that a new bar High or Low is made, including the trade making the new extreme. On a new bar High or Low, the corresponding Pullback data since the prior High or Low is cleared. Separate High and Low Pullback data is maintained for each bar.
  • Reset and Accumulate on New or Touch High/Low: This includes all of the volume data from the trades at the point that a new bar High or Low is made or touched by the last trade price. The trade that made a new High or Low or touched the High or Low is not included, only the volume data from subsequent trades. On a new bar High or Low or touch of the existing High or Low, the corresponding Pullback data since the prior High or Low or touch is cleared. Separate High and Low Pullback data is maintained for each bar.

Continuous Contract

For documentation for this feature, refer to Continuous Futures Contract Charts.

Apply Intraday Session Times To Intraday Chart

When this option is enabled, then when the symbol of the chart is changed, the Intraday Session Times specified for a symbol or symbol pattern in Global Settings >> Symbol Settings will be applied to the chart.

Even if this option is disabled, when the symbol of the chart changes, the Intraday Session Times from the Global Symbol Settings will still be applied if Global Settings >> Symbol Settings >> Apply Intraday Session Times to Intraday Chart is enabled.

Combine Sun-Mon Daily Bars

The Combine Sunday and Monday Daily Bars option only applies to Historical Daily charts. It does not apply to Intraday charts.

This option also only applies when there a separate daily bar data the chart data file specifically for Sunday. The only known cases of this are with Bitcoin data feeds.

When the Combine Sunday and Monday Daily Bars option is enabled, then the Sunday and Monday daily bar data is combined into a single bar with the starting date of Sunday.

For other markets, the way to get a Sunday bar is to use an Intraday chart. You will need to set the Session Start and End Times to 00:00:00 and 23:59:59. Set the time period per bar to 1440 minutes. And enable New Bar at Session Start.

To combine a Sunday and Monday bar on an Intraday chart that is set to 1 Day per bar, it is necessary to set the Session Times so that the Start Time is set to the start time of the evening session and the End Time is set one second before the Start Time.

Time Zone

This is the time zone setting specific to the chart. It allows the chart to have a time zone different than the global time zone. For more information, refer to Using Different Time Zone in Individual Charts.

Normally this should be set to Use Global Time Zone.

Chart Region (Chart >> Chart Settings >> Advanced Settings)

This setting controls the Chart Region the main price graph is displayed in. The default is 1 and is recommended. For information about Chart Regions, refer to Chart Window and Regions.

When this is set to a Chart Region other than 1, then you will need to move any studies which are on the same chart which use a different scale, to a different Chart Region that you have set the main price graph to.

When setting the main price graph to a Chart Region other than 1, Chart Trading functionality will only work properly with version 1458 or higher.

Chart Update Interval

The chart specific Chart Update Interval overrides the global Chart Update Interval in Global Settings >> General Settings.

This allows individual charts to use a different setting than the global Chart Update Interval when this is set to a nonzero value. When this is set to 0, then the global Chart Update Interval is used.

Allow Zero Values

This option only applies to Intraday charts.

When Allow Zero values is enabled, then Open, High, Low, Close values of the Intraday chart data records with a value of 0 are drawn on the chart. They will not be when this option is disabled.

This option is useful with spread symbols which can have values of zero.

Position Profit/Loss (Chart >> Chart Settings >> Advanced Settings)

The Position Profit/Loss setting sets the format of the Open Profit/Loss display for the Trade Position line on a chart and all other Profit/Loss displays on the chart and Trade Window for the chart, including the Daily Profit/Loss.

This is a chart specific setting and is not a global setting. There are several possible formats that can be used and they are listed below.

Supported Formats

  • Do Not Display: The Profit/Loss value is not displayed.
  • Currency Value: The Profit/Loss value is displayed as a currency value which uses the Currency Value per Tick setting on the Chart >> Chart Settings >> Advanced Settings 2 tab. If Currency Value per Tick is not set and is 0, then the Profit/Loss value will be displayed in Points instead. When using this setting, make certain the Currency Value per Tick has a valid setting. The suffix displayed after this profit/loss value is C.

    Calculation Method For Currency Value: In the case of a Profit/Loss value that is displayed as a Currency Value there are two main numbers involved in the calculation. There is the Entry Price and the Current Price for a position the Exit Price for a closed trade. For a Buy position/trade Currency Value equals: (Exit Price - Entry Price) / Tick Size * Currency Value per Tick. For a Sell position/trade Currency Value equals: (Entry Price - Exit Price) / Tick Size * Currency Value per Tick. The Tick Size and the Currency Value per Tick are set through Chart >> Chart Settings and these values are obtained from the Global Symbol Settings. Tick Size and the Currency Value per Tick can be changed to meet your requirements.
  • Points: The Profit/Loss value is calculated based upon the values of the symbol being traded. There is no consideration of the currency value per price tick. The order quantity is considered. For example, if you bought symbol ABC at 100 and the current price is 102 in your quantity is 2, then the profit/loss will be displayed as 4P. The suffix displayed after this profit/loss value is P.
  • Points - Ignore Quantity: This is the same as Points, although the position quantity is ignored and is considered 1. The suffix displayed after this profit/loss value is p. In the case of Daily and Cumulative Profit/Loss values, the quantity will always be considered.
  • Ticks: This displays the Profit/Loss value in Ticks. Therefore, this is the number of price Ticks of profit or loss. For example, if you bought symbol ABC at 100 and the current price is 102, the tick size is .1, the order quantity is 2, then the profit/loss will be 40 ((102-100)/.1*2). The suffix displayed after this profit/loss value is T.
  • Ticks - Ignore Quantity: This is the same as Ticks, although the position quantity is ignored and is considered 1. The suffix displayed after this Profit/Loss value is t. In the case of Daily and Cumulative Profit/Loss values, the quantity will always be considered.
  • Currency Value & Points: This displays the Profit/Loss value as combination of Currency Value and Points.
  • Currency Value & Points - Ignore Quantity: This displays the Profit/Loss value as combination of Currency Value and Points - Ignore Quantity.
  • Currency Value & Ticks: This displays the Profit/Loss value as combination of Currency Value and Ticks.
  • Currency Value & Ticks - Ignore Quantity: This displays the Profit/Loss value as combination of Currency Value and Ticks - Ignore Quantity.

Number of Forward Columns

The Number of Forward Columns setting is the number of chart columns, each chart bar occupies a chart column, that are after the last bar in the chart.

These additional chart columns on the right side of the chart can be drawn into when using one of the drawing Tools. They are displayed in the Right Side Fill Space.

Do not increase this setting to a dramatically higher number because it does increase the amount of memory used within the chart. If it is made dramatically higher, to something like 10000, potentially it can have a negative impact on the performance of Sierra Chart. When using extreme settings, this can have a negative impact on Sierra Chart.

Dates To Exclude

The Dates To Exclude box is for specifying one or more dates which will be excluded from the chart. The data for those dates will not be loaded in the chart.

Multiple dates need to be separated by a comma character. Example: 2014-01-01, 2014-01-02 .

This setting applies to both Intraday and Historical Daily charts.

The Date format is: YYYY-MM-DD.

In the case of Intraday charts, the data for the trading day Date will be excluded. Not necessarily the actual Date. The trading day Date can be different from the actual date for a particular chart bar when using reversed Session Times. For example, if the Start Time is set to 17:00:00 and the End Time is set to 16:59:59 , and you have specified a date of 2014-01-02 to exclude, then this actual Date-Time range will be excluded: 2014-01-01 17:00:00 through 2014-01-02 16:59:59.

Simple Alert

Condition

In this text box you can enter an Alert Condition formula that is based on the main price graph data and studies. For complete documentation, refer to Alerts and Scanning.

Alert Sound

If you have specified an Alert Condition formula in the Alert Condition box, then use this list to select which Alert Sound number you want to play when the condition becomes TRUE. If you select No Alert you will not get an audible indication when your condition is TRUE. However, you will still get a graphical and text indication when the Alert Condition formula is TRUE. For more information, refer to Alert Sound Settings.

Alert Only Once Per Bar

Refer to Alert Options.

Reset Alert Condition on New Bar

Refer to Alert Options.

Evaluate On Bar Close

Refer to Alert Options.

Advanced Settings 2

This is the Advanced Settings 2 tab of the Chart Settings window.

Title Bar Name

The text you enter in this box will be shown on the title bar of the chart window. This helps you identify its more uniquely.

Real-Time Price Multiplier (Chart >> Chart Settings >> Advanced Settings 2)

Sets the multiplier for the real-time price data received from the connected data feed. This is used for the last bar in a Historical Daily chart, Bid and Ask data, market depth data, and the last price display you see on the right side of the chart, and the values in Window >> Current Quote Window.

This setting is automatically set for the symbol. If you make changes to this setting, it will be necessary to adjust the Value Format and Tick Size settings in the Chart Settings window to correspond to the changes.

Historical Price Multiplier (Chart >> Chart Settings >> Advanced Settings 2)

Sets the multiplier for the Open, High, Low, and Last chart bar values for both Historical and Intraday charts. In the case of Historical charts, this setting may not affect the very last displayed bar if that has been updated by the real-time data feed.

This setting can be used to adjust Historical Daily data in the chart to match the price format used by the real-time data feed, in case the chart is using Historical Daily chart data from a source other than provided by the Data or Trading service you are connected to.

This setting only adjusts the historical data which is loaded from the chart data file. It does not adjust the real-time price data which is used for the last bar in a Historical Daily chart, or the market depth and current quote data in the chart. To adjust the real-time data, use Real-Time Price Multiplier .

In the case of Intraday charts, this setting is useful for adjusting the position of the decimal place of the values in the chart.

This setting is automatically set for the symbol. If you make changes to this setting, it will be necessary to adjust the Value Format and Tick Size settings in the Chart Settings window to correspond to the changes.

Volume and Open Interest Multiplier (Chart >> Chart Settings >> Advanced Settings 2)

Sets the multiplier for the Volume and Open Interest (OI) data for the historical data in the chart for the symbol. You can either directly specify a value or select one from the list.

Currency Value Per Tick (Chart >> Chart Settings >> Advanced Settings 2)

This is the value that each Tick Size is worth in the currency for the particular symbol.

For example, if a futures contract is equivalent to a 1000 units of the underlying that the contract is for, then this should be set to 1000 times the Tick Size.

For a COMEX Gold Contract which is equivalent to 100 ounces of gold and has a Tick Size of 0.1, the Currency Value Per Tick will be 10.

Value Increment per Bar in Ticks (Chart >> Chart Settings >> Advanced Settings 2)

This setting is used for some of the Chart Drawing tools for angle calculations.

This value is in ticks and represents the vertical axis value for every one unit of time (horizontal axis) which is equivalent to one bar in the chart. One unit of time (run) and unit of price (rise) will draw a 45 degree line.

For example, if this is set to 2 and the Tick Size for the symbol of the chart is .25, then this will result in a value of .5 and represents a vertical axis the value of .5 for every unit of time.

For additional information, refer to Drawing a Line with a Specific Angle or Slope.

Invert Prices (Chart >> Chart Settings >> Advanced Settings 2)

When Invert Prices is enabled, the Open, High, Low and Close/Last prices of the chart bars are inverted by dividing 1.0 by these price values. For example: 1.0/Open.

This is useful for currency charts which will give you the exchange rate in reverse.

When enabling Invert Prices you may need to change the chart Tick Size and the Price Display Format to match the new values appropriately.

If you encounter any problems with the display of prices or other data when enabling this setting, then do not use it and do not ask Sierra Chart Support for help with this. Support is not provided for this setting.

Volume Filter (Chart >> Chart Settings >> Advanced Settings 2)

The Volume Filter settings are located in Chart >> Chart Settings >> Advanced Settings 2.

When a nonzero value is entered for Exclude >= , this will filter the volume from trades from the chart bars that have a volume that is greater than or equal to the specified value. When a data record in the underlying data file has a volume which is greater than or equal to this setting, then its Total Volume, Bid Volume, and Ask Volume are all set to 0 and the volume will not be added to any of the Volume related studies on the chart.

When a nonzero value is entered for Exclude <= , this will filter the volume from trades from the chart bars that have a volume that is less than or equal to the specified value. When a data record in the underlying data file has a volume which is less than or equal to this setting, then its Total Volume, Bid Volume, and Ask Volume are all set to 0 and the volume will not be added to any of the Volume related studies on the chart.

When Filter Trade Completely is unchecked, the price of the trade is still included in the chart bars. However, the Number of Trades for the chart bars is reduced by the number of trades which had the volume filtered. So in effect the Number of Trades field in the underlying Intraday data file record is set to 0 when it is loaded in the case where the volume was filtered as well.

Note: If you have set Volume Filter >> Exclude <= to 1 and the volume of each trade in the file, assuming the file contains tick by tick data, is 1 as is normally the case with Forex data, then all of the volume data will be filtered.

These settings will only work accurately when there is tick by tick data in the data file. Otherwise, the accuracy of these settings is greatly reduced and not likely to give accurate results.

For instructions to store tick by tick data in an Intraday chart data file, refer to the Tick by Tick Data Configuration documentation.

To remove the trade completely when the volume matches these settings, enable the Filter Trade Completely option. Enabling this option will cause the price bars to look less complete and it is normally not recommended to use this option.

It is important to understand whether this feature will even be useful for you. For additional information, refer to Large Volume Trades.

How to Use Multiple Volume Filters in a Chart

The following instructions explain how to have multiple price graphs in the same chart or multiple studies in the same chart, which are based upon different Volume Filter settings.

  1. Open a separate chart for each additional Volume Filtering rules that you want. For instructions, refer to Opening Charts.
  2. Follow the instructions in the Volume Filter section to set the volume filtering on each of those charts as you require.
  3. Add all of the studies that you want to have use particular Volume Filtering settings, to the chart with the volume filtering set as you require. Do this for each of the charts. For instructions, refer to Adding/Modifying Studies.
  4. On the chart that you want to contain the price graphs or the studies based upon the particular volume filtering you have set on the other charts, overlay those on the destination chart that you want to see them on, by using the Study/Price Overlay study.

Filter Trade Completely (Chart >> Chart Settings >> Advanced Settings 2)

Refer to the Volume Filter documentation for information about the Filter Trade Completely setting.

DOM Graph (Chart >> Chart Settings >> Advanced Settings 2)

For complete information about the DOM Graph and all of the related settings, refer to Draw DOM Graph on Chart documentation.

Copy Chart Drawings from Chart #'s (Chart >> Chart Settings >> Advanced Settings 2)

To access the Copy Chart Drawings from Chart #'s setting, select Chart >> Chart Settings >> Advanced Settings 2 from the menu. To copy Chart Drawings (drawings created with Chart Drawing Tools) from one or more charts to the chart that the Chart Settings window is opened for, enter the Chart Number(s) of the chart or charts you wish to copy the drawings from in the Copy Chart Drawings from Chart #'s box. If there are multiple chart numbers, separate them with a ',' (comma). Example: 4. For multiple charts use: 1, 2, 3.

Each chart has a number that is shown after the # sign on its title bar, or the Region Data Line at the top of the chart. This is the chart number you need to specify without the #. After you draw a Chart Drawing on a source chart, it will instantly appear on the destination chart. Chart Drawings are drawings that are created with any of the drawing tools on the Tools menu.

Copying Chart Drawings from Other Chartbooks: It is supported to copy chart drawings across charts from different open Chartbooks. It is necessary for the Chartbooks containing the charts which contain the Chart Drawings which are being copied, to be open. To accomplish this you need to specify the Chartbook name with the chart number in the Copy Chart Drawings from Chart #'s box. The general format is: [chartbook name]:[chart number]. Example: Chartbook1:4, Chartbook1: 2. There can be multiple Chartbooks with a Chart Number specified, each separated by a comma.

When you erase a drawing from a source chart, it will be removed from the chart where it has been copied to.

Chart Drawings that are copied to another chart from a source chart, cannot be interacted with. They are only visible. They cannot be moved, erased, or have any other kind of modification made to them. To move, erase or make some other modification to a drawing that has been copied from a source chart, you need to do this on the drawing that exists on the source chart.

Show Chart Drawings For Different Symbols: When you are copying chart drawing from a chart with a different symbol, then you must also enable the Show Chart Drawings For Different Symbols option. If a symbol is different, the prices between the two charts need to be similar. For example, you cannot copy drawings from a chart that has values in the 10's to a chart with values in the 100's. The drawings will not appear. Typically the reason for different symbols is in the case of different contract months for the same underlying futures market.

For an understanding of how the chart drawing anchor point Date-Times are mapped from one chart to another, refer to How Chart Drawings Are Mapped Between Bars with Different Starting Date Times.

To limit the types or numbers of drawings being copied, then it is recommended that to use a specific chart that has only the specific drawings that you wish to copy to another chart. Specify that chart number in the Copy Chart Drawing from Chart Numbers box.

Chart Drawing Alerts: When a Chart Drawing is copied to another chart using this feature, the Alert settings are ignored and the Alert condition is not evaluated on the copied drawing.

What to Do If Chart Drawings Do Not Copy

When you are copying Chart Drawings from one chart to another chart with this feature, and they do not appear, of the most likely the reason is because the symbol is different between the source chart and the destination chart. To resolve this issue you need to enable the Show Chart Drawings For Different Symbols on the destination chart, the chart where the drawings are copied to.

You also need to consider that the symbols may be the same between the source chart and the destination chart, however the source chart contains Chart Drawings that were originally for a different symbol and in the source chart you already have Show Chart Drawings For Different Symbols enabled. This could be an issue when you are working with different futures contract months.

Chart Drawings Not Visible in Destination Chart from Smaller Time Frame Per Bar Source Chart

As is explained in the How Chart Drawings Are Mapped Between Bars with Different Starting Date Times section, anchor points for a Chart Drawing from a source chart are mapped to the corresponding destination chart bars.

When a Chart Drawing on a smaller time frame per bar chart does not span a sufficient number of bars, the anchor points for the drawing may map to the same bar in a higher timeframe per bar chart. The effect of this is that the drawing does not appear. This can especially be a problem with extending drawings where you rely upon the extending functionality to carry the drawing forward and you draw the drawing across a small number of bars. On the destination chart the drawing may not even appear.

The solution in this case is to draw the Chart Drawing across as many bars as you can in the source chart, in order to ensure that it appears in the destination chart.

Show Chart Drawings For Different Symbols

If this option is enabled, then chart drawings drawn for a different symbol that was used on the chart, will be visible for the current symbolof the chart.

For example, if you drew a line on the chart which was set to the September futures contract and then change the symbol to the December contract, you will see the line drawn for the September contract symbol.

Another method by which you can display chart drawings drawn for a different futures contract month, after changing the symbol of the chart to a new futures contract month, is to select Chart >> Update Chart Drawings to Current Symbol. This only works with recognized futures contract symbols.

Region Data Lines

This section allows you to choose how the data line for a region is displayed. The default setting is Visible, which will show the data line, and make sure that it does not overlap with any graphs in that region. The Hidden option will cause the data line to not be shown at all. The Overlapped option will set the data line to overlap the graphs that are contained in that region. It will not allow you to change the information that is displayed in the data lines.

Chart Linking (Chart >> Chart Settings >> Advanced Settings 2)

Chart linking allows you to maintain various settings among a group of charts that share the same Link Number.

Chart Linking settings can be accessed through Chart >> Chart Settings >> Advanced Settings 2 on the menu.

Link Number: For each chart that you want to link together within the same Chartbook, set this to the same nonzero number for all of those charts and Sierra Chart will use this number to link them together.

For example, if you have 4 charts that you want to link together, then select the same Link Number for each of those charts. Next, enable one or more of the Chart Linking options documented below to select the type of Chart Linking that you want.

For example, if you have enabled Link Symbol and Link Bar Period for a particular chart and you change the symbol in another chart or the bar period in another chart that has the same Link Number, then the chart with these options enabled will be changed to match.

The Link Number will be shown in the title bar of the chart window. Example: L5.

Do not confuse the Link Number with the Chart Number. They are different and not associated with each other.

Scope of Chart Linking : The scope of chart linking is within a Chartbook. In other words, a Link Number is unique within a Chartbook. It is possible to use the same Link Number in different Chartbooks and have no association between the charts with that same Link Number that are in separate Chartbooks.

The following are descriptions of the available Chart Linking options (Types). These different Chart Linking Types apply only to the chart for which they are set on, not to other charts.

  • Symbol: When the symbol of a chart is changed, the symbol of other linked charts using this option will change to match.
  • Bar Period: When the bar period of a chart is changed, the bar period of other linked charts using this option will change to match.
  • Scroll Position: When the scroll position of a chart is changed, the other linked charts using this option will be scrolled to the identical position.
  • Session Times: When the Session Times of a chart are changed, the other linked charts using this option will be changed to the same Session Times.
  • Studies: When the studies of a chart are changed, the other linked charts using this option will be changed to have the exact same study configuration. This includes all of the studies and their settings.

    If you are linking Studies through the Chart Linking feature, potentially there could be problems when using the Spreadsheet studies. This is true when the Chart Data Output Sheet Number input with the Spreadsheet study is set to a nonzero number.

    If there are many studies on the chart, and/or a lot of days of data loaded in a chart, there are many charts linked together and you are using the Chart Linking >> Studies option, then potentially Sierra Chart can freeze for an extended time after changing the studies on one chart and all of the other charts are updated. This happens because the studies have to be recalculated on all of the charts that are linked together.
  • Link Days to Load: When the Use Number of Days to Load >> Days to Load setting of a chart is changed, the other linked charts using this option will be changed to have the same Days to Load setting. This setting also applies to the Use Date Range settings.
  • Link Bar Spacing: When the bar spacing of a chart is changed, the other linked charts using this option will also have their bar spacing changed to match.
  • Link Trade Window: When the Trade Window settings of a chart are changed, the other linked charts using this option will also have the same settings changed in their associated Trade Window. All of the settings on the Trade Window are linked.

Chart Linking >> Master Mode (Chart >> Chart Settings >> Advanced Settings 2 >> Chart Linking)

When the Master Mode Chart Linking setting is enabled, rather than the various Chart Linking options (Link Symbol,...) applying to the chart that they are set on at the time another chart with the same Link Number is having its settings changed, what instead will happen is that the chart that is having its settings changed will control the other charts with the same Link Number according to its own Chart Linking options.

For example, given charts #1 and #2, if Chart #1 has Link Symbol enabled and Chart #2 does not have Link Symbol enabled, without Master Mode enabled, when Chart #2 has its symbol changed, then the symbol of Chart #1 will change its symbol to match Chart #2 because it has Link Symbol enabled. When Master Mode is enabled and the symbol of Chart #2 is changed, the symbol of Chart #1 will not change because with Master Mode the Chart Linking options set on the controlling chart instead apply to other charts with the same Link Number. And in this particular example Chart #2 did not have Link Symbol enabled.

Setting Same Linking Options Across All Linked Charts

It is supported for charts that use the same Link Number to have all of the same linking option.

By default, charts that use the same Link Number can have different linking options. The effect of a linking option on a chart depends upon its own Chart Linking options. For example, if there are two charts which use the same Link Number, and one of them has Link Scroll Position and another has Link Symbol, then on the chart that has Link Scroll Position has its symbol changed, then the chart with Link Symbol enabled, will be changed to the same symbol but the scroll position will remain the same.

To set charts which all use the same Link Number to use the same linking options, go to one of the charts which has the Chart Linking options set as you require and select Chart >> Chart Settings >> Advanced Settings 2. Press the Chart Linking >> Apply to Link to Charts button.

Chart Linking Only Works for Charts Within the Same Chartbook

Charts that use the same Link number are only linked when they are contained within the same Chartbook.

One area of possible confusion is that if a chart has Window >> Window Always Visible enabled, then it will be visible no matter which Chartbook is active making it confusing as to which Chartbook it actually belongs to.

To solve this problem disable Window >> Window Always Visible, to identify which Chartbook it is from.

Use the Duplicate Chart to Chartbook command to copy a chart to another Chartbook.

Chart >> Chart Settings >> Advanced Settings 2 >> Vertical Grid Lines

To display a vertical grid on the chart, enable the Enabled option. When this option is checked, it will draw vertical lines at the interval specified by the interval setting. The Count specifies the number of intervals. For example, using a Count of 2 with an interval of Hours means there will be a vertical grid line every two hours. Count does not apply to the intervals of Session Start and Start of Trading Day .

The interval types are:

  • Seconds: Always aligned to 00:00:00.
  • Minutes: Always aligned to 00:00:00.
  • Hours: Always aligned to 00:00:00.
  • Days: Always aligned to 00:00:00.
  • Weeks
  • Months
  • Bars
  • Session Start: The vertical gridlines will be drawn at the Start Time and the Evening Start Time (if you are using Evening Session) in Chart >> Chart Settings >> Session Times. If Session Times >> Use Evening Session is disabled, then this interval type is no different than Start of Trading Day. For more information, refer to Session Times.
  • Pixels
  • Start of Trading Day: The vertical grid lines will be drawn at the Session Times >> Start Time, or the Session Times >> Evening Start if Session Times >> Use Evening Session is enabled. For more information, refer to Session Times.

Determining References to Chart

A chart can be referenced by studies on other charts within the same Chartbook.

When a chart is referenced by other studies on other charts, it then acts as a source chart. When data in the source chart changes, other charts referencing it, are notified of the change, so they can be updated or recalculated (if necessary).

To determine what other charts reference a particular source chart, go to a chart and select Chart >> Chart Settings.

On the top of the Chart Settings window, you will see RefBy: # indicating what chart numbers reference the chart the Chart Settings window has been opened for.

Decimal Point Position for Main Price Graph

The decimal point position for the price values of the main price graph is the default position as specified from the data provider for the symbol.

To make sure the decimal point position in a chart is set to the default, follow the steps below:

  1. Update the Symbol Settings as explained in the Update Symbol Settings section.
  2. Apply the Symbol Settings to the chart as explained in the Update Chart Settings section.
  3. If you want to change the decimal point position, then adjust all four of these settings in Chart >> Chart Settings:
  4. You need to be certain the settings in the prior step are all set correctly. It is not within the scope of Sierra Chart support to assist with these settings as the default settings are correct. If the default settings are not correct, then let Sierra Chart Support know.

*Last modified Wednesday, 14th September, 2016.